Federico García Lorca
 
A Great Spanish Writer Of The Twentieth Century

Federico García Lorca
A Spanish Poet and Dramatist

The eldest of four children, Federico was born in 1898 in the village of Fuente Vaqueros, near Granada.  His parents were called Federico and Vicenta and they were wealthy landowners.  His mother was also a teacher. 

Garcia Lorca

As a youth, it became obvious that he was a talented writer and pianist.  His first published work was a collection of prose pieces called Impresiones y Paisajes (Impressions and Landscapes) in 1918 when he was just twenty years old. 

Soon, Federico became well-known for his wonderful work, partly because he liked to recite his poems and writings to groups of listeners in cafés and houses.

In 1919 he went to study Law in Madrid where he became the friend of film director Luis Buñuel and painter Salvador Dalí.

In 1928, his first famous collection of poems was published.  This work is called Romancero Gitano (Gypsy Ballads) and it is a collection of eighteen poems.  Click HERE to read a piece from the collection.

Federico loved the theatre and he became director of a university theatre company of Madrid called La Barraca.  They toured towns, taking drama to smaller towns where theatres did not exist.

His first great play was Bodas de Sangre (Blood Wedding) in 1933.  Over the next two years, he completed his other two most popular plays - Yerma and La Casa de Bernarda Alba.

In July 1936, Federico returned to his home area of Granada.  Soon afterwards, perhaps for political reasons, he was arrested and executed without a trial.  There is a great deal of mystery about the reason why he was killed and the place of his burial.  His grave has never been found and remains one of the great unsolved mysteries of Spanish history.  Federico was killed at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War which took place between 1936 and 1939 when two political parties were fighting for power - the Republicans and the Nationalists.   The Nationalist party, led by General Francisco Franco, seized power and ruled Spain until 1975. 

During the authoritarian regime of the dictator General Francisco Franco, the plays and poetry of Federico García Lorca were banned.  The dictator
died in November 1975.

Above: Portrait of General Franco.
He was also known as El Caudillo.


It was Franco's wish to reinstate the Spanish royal family who had fled Spain in 1931 for political reasons. 
After Franco's death, King Juan Carlos I reigned from 22 November 1975 until he abdicated in 2014.  His son, King Felipe VI, is the current King of Spain.

In 1986, the Spanish Government decided to erect a statue of Federico García Lorca in Madrid - to mark the fiftieth anniversary of his death and to recognise his brilliance as a Spanish writer and poet.  Below is a photo of the statue.

Federico Garcia Lorca

¡Muchas gracias Federico!
Thank you for your wonderful, poetic works!


Some examples of Lorca's poetry: 

 Romance De La Luna, Luna                        Nieve